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Citizenship of the Union

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Chapter Summary

The introduction of citizenship of the Union constitutes the best-known innovations made by the Treaty signed at Maastricht. It depends on the possession of nationality of a Member State. Citizens of the Union are to enjoy the rights conferred by "the Treaty" and to be subject to the duties imposed thereby. Some rights enjoyed by the citizens are the right of movement and residence subject to the limitations and conditions, the right to vote and stand for election to the European Parliament in the Member State in which they reside, right to "protection by the diplomatic or consular authorities" of any Member State, the right to write to any of the Community institutions in one of the languages in which the EC Treaty is drawn up and have an answer in that language. The Ombudsman's powers are limited to carrying out inquiries to determine whether a given complaint constitutes maladministration.

Keywords:citizenship; European Parliament; Maastricht; Member State; Ombudsman; Treaty; Union



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