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Immigration Policy

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Chapter Summary

The demand for a Community immigration policy arose for free movement of goods, persons, services and capital. The Copernican Revolution came about with the Treaty of Amsterdam. Article 63 conferred on the Council to adopt "measures on immigration policy within the (a) conditions of entry and residence, (b) illegal immigration and illegal residence. The challenge of the Amsterdam Treaty is to ensure that freedom to move freely throughout the Union can be enjoyed in secure conditions. Immigration policy covers entry for the purposes of joining the market of the host State. Visa policy grants entry visas for stay of less than three months. Immigration law applies only to foreigners for whom there are no special rules. Community immigration law applies to a part of the union. It remains incumbent upon the Member States to maintain law and order and to safeguard internal security.

Keywords:Amsterdam Treaty; Article 63; immigration policy; Member States; Visa policy



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