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The work of national military tribunals under control council law 10

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Chapter Summary

The provisions of Control Council Law (CCL) No. 10 provided the basis for many Allied prosecutions of German war criminals. A year after promulgation of CCL No. 10, the United Nations General Assembly, by resolution on 11 December 1946, unanimously affirmed the principles of international law recognised by the Charter of the Nuremberg Tribunal and the Judgment of the Tribunal. The post-World War II domestic trials reliance and reaffirmation of universal jurisdiction was reflected in some of the post-World War II treaties adopted around this period. The most significant command responsibility cases to come from Nuremberg illustrating this judicial stance, however, came from the trials conducted under the auspices of CCL No. 10 as opposed to the international military tribunals. The only post-World War II trial which appears to have considered the responsibility of political and bureaucratic leaders for failure to act was the International Military Tribunal at Tokyo.

Keywords: Control Council Law (CCL) No. 10; German war criminals; international military tribunals; Nuremberg Tribunal; post-World War II



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