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Bosnias war crimes chamber and the challenges of an opening and closure

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Chapter Summary

On 9 March 2005, almost 12 years following the establishment of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY or Tribunal), a War Crimes Chamber (WCC) was inaugurated in Sarajevo. Since its establishment by the UN Security Council (SC) in 1993 the ICTY has had primacy with regard to the prosecution of crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia during the 1991-1995 armed conflicts. Setting in place the legal machinery to create the court and to enable it to function as envisaged required changes to the law not only at the national level but also at the ICTY. The participation of victims in trials before the WCC is mainly limited to that of being witnesses. The pending closure of the ICTY in The Hague created the motivation for and conditions conducive to the opening of Bosnias War Crimes Chamber.

Keywords: Bosnias War Crimes Chamber; ICTY; Sarajevo; UN Security Council (SC); War Crimes Chamber (WCC)



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