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Citations From The Former Prophets And Chronicles

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Chapter Summary

The first thing that strikes the eye when addressing the citations and/or allusions to the Former Prophets in Philo’s writings is how very few they are. This chapter discusses and provides explanations for every one of them. The study of the citations from the Former Prophets found in Philo’s works shows that not only is the Septuagint the text that is quoted, but that it is also the Septuagint text that serves as the point of departure for the accompanying exegesis. This, of course, provides additional proof of existence in Alexandria of original midrashic activity in Greek. This also demonstrates Philo’s use of a scriptural lexicon that included not only the Pentateuch, but also Scripture as a whole, of the type that David Rokeah, Yehoshua Amir, and Lester Grabbe have shown to have existed. The citations from the Former Prophets also provide evidence for Philo’s use of written midrashic works.

Keywords: citations; Former Prophets; Greek; midrashic activity; midrashic works; Pentateuch; Philo; scriptural lexicon; Septuagint text



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