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Virtus In The Naples Commentary On The Ethica Nova (Ms Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale, VIII G 8, Ff. 4ra9vb)

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Chapter Summary

This chapter attempts to answer the question on how the study of Aristotle?s Nicomachean Ethics by Latin academics in the thirteenth century influence Christian moral discourse and in particular its discourse about virtue. In order to answer it, one must first understand how thirteenth-century Latin academics understood Aristotle?s text and the relation of its doctrines to Christian ones. The chapter assesses evidence from one early and largely unknown source: the lectio cum questionibus on chapters 4?10 of the Ethica nova preserved in MS Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale, VIII G 8, ff. 4ra?9vb. The ?Naples Commentary? is one of the six extant Latin commentaries which examine all or part of the first three books of the Ethics. The Commentator?s efforts to defend and extend Aristotle?s critique of the Plato's idea boni may not illumine in any patent way his understanding of Aristotelian virtus.

Keywords: Aristotelian virtus; Biblioteca Nazionale; Christian moral discourse; Ethica Nova; idea boni; lectio cum questionibus; Naples commentary; Nicomachean Ethics; thirteenth-century Latin commentary



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