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Dongus Tapa – An Iron Age Settlement In The Udabno-Steppe, Eastern Kakheti

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Chapter Summary

This chapter is a preliminary report on an excavation carried out on the Iron Age settlement Dongus Tapa in Kakheti (Eastern Georgia). This fortified settlement existed from the Late Bronze Age till the 7th century BC and lasted longer than the settlements in the Shiraki plain, which end in the same century. Even in a mainly pastoral economic system, based on far reaching transhumance, there is a need for certain settled places which act as "petrol-stations on a highway", where shelter can be found, repairs of equipment can be done and products can be traded on occasional markets. Sites like this may have served for gatherings and administrative purposes as well. A function of Dongus Tapa may have been that of a guard-post overlooking the Iori-valley and a side-passage along the river Alandere.

Keywords: Dongus Tapa; Eastern Georgia; excavation; Iron age settlement; pastoral economic system



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