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International Organization For Migration

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Chapter Summary

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is the leading intergovernmental organization in the field of migration. On 5 December 1951, the IOM was established under its initial name, the Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the Movement of Migrants from Europe (PICMME). By 1960, the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration (ICEM) had directly assisted one million migrants. In 2008, the IOM had 125 member states, 16 observer states, and 74 observer global IGO and NGO members. The IOM's three organs are the council, the executive committee, and the administration. The council is composed of representatives of the member states. Member states are obliged to contribute to the administrative part of the budget of the organization at a rate agreed to by the council and member state concerned. The tendency to perceive migration and handle migration negatively is at a high point.

Keywords: Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration (ICEM); International Organization for Migration (IOM); member states; PICMME



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