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Forms And Typologies

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Chapter Summary

This chapter briefly discusses the forms and typologies of Indian Islamic architecture: (i) mosques, (ii) minbars, (iii) minarets, (iv) idgahs, (v) tombs, (vi) water monuments, (vii) step-wells, (viii) canals, (ix) towers, and (x) chhatris. The characteristic taper of the Kirman examples, and of the minaret of Jam in Afghanistan, is closer to that of the Qu?b Minar than are the Ghazni examples. These details are emphasized here because of their persistence in certain aspects of mosque architecture. Many water monuments in India were constructed before the coming of the Muslims, who continued not only their function and form (except for the elimination of figural ornament and the introduction of the arch) but also their maintenance through civil or waqf funds. Mughal water monuments and gardens were much imitated by Hindu rulers in Rajasthan.

Keywords:canals; chhatris; idgahs; minarets; minbars; mosques; step-wells; tombs; towers; water monuments



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