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Columpna Firmissima: D. Gil Torres, The Cardinal Of Zamora

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Chapter Summary

It was Paris who reported that Cardinal Gil was ?almost a centenarian? when he died in 1254, as to which he is hardly to be believed. For Matthew Paris, most elderly gentlemen were ?almost centenarians?. When refusing to allow D. Gil?s election to Toledo seven years earlier, Innocent had described him as the ?columpna firmissima? on which the stability of both Roman Church and the Church at large depended. But coming from the English chronicler for whom on the whole the only good cardinal was a dead cardinal, it was more remarkable. And all the more remarkable was it in view of his career as a trafficker in benefices, culminating in the activities of the sobrinísimo in the very last year of both his life and that of the pontiff whom his successor, according to Paris, described as ?venditor ecclesiarum?.

Keywords: Cardinal of Zamora; Columpna Firmissima; D. Gil Torres



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