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Tractatus De Civili Dominio II: The Opportunity To Restore Justice

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Chapter Summary

Wyclif apparently claimed, and believed he had proved by logic, metaphysics and theology, that grace, or charity, on which dominion was founded, desisted from dominion itself, and no one could either merit or not merit it. Dominion should be based on right, which is founded on justice. But human justice is the reflection of divine justice in the soul of men; i.e. God's will that the first law of nature be kept. It is a moral virtue, which is created in man by cultivating the soul through knowledge and the wisdom to have desires for better things than those dictated by voluptuous appetite (libido) and possessiveness. Wyclif 's theory of dominion and communication quickly develops into a comprehensive 'scientific' model. In De civili dominio, he identified the created universe as the heavenly kingdom, of which we are all princes or kings.

Keywords:De civili dominio; divine justice; human justice; law of nature; theory of dominion; Wyclif



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