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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents some concluding remarks of this book. The book argues that the majority of Southeast Asian states refused to sign the 1951 Convention and 1967 Protocol because they have never felt obliged to, and that this stemmed from two factors. First, Southeast Asian states have consistently argued that the instruments were both implicitly Eurocentric and largely irrelevant to Southeast Asian experiences. Second, during the region's largest refugee crisis, the 1975-1996 Indochinese refugee crisis, these states received material assistance and resettlement offers that covered most people who sought temporary asylum in the region. The fact that Southeast Asian states did not simply reject international refugee law without explanation because it was contrary to national interests or considered irrelevant, signifies a broader relationship between politics and international law than is usually acknowledged.

Keywords:1951 Convention; 1967 Protocol; Indochinese refugee crisis; international refugee law; Southeast Asian states



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