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14 Searching For Appropriate Migration Policies: A Summary Of Concrete Policy Initiatives

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Chapter Summary

This chapter reflects upon the operational aspects of policy making, and in particular those questions that have to do with policy implementation and designing (new) migration strategies. Reviewing migration as a policy issue, it becomes clear that the stimulation and/or controlling of migration has, since colonial times, been an important strategy for encouraging economic growth-for example, through systems of forced labour. Since independence, African states have tried to respond to labour migration, brain drain and urbanisation by issuing exit visas and by obliging people to remain in the countryside. In donor policies there is a bias in favour of countries with South-North migration and little is done for the countries experiencing South-South migration. The chapter provides some recommendations in order to improve the development impact of international migration and to make international migration more relevant to development.

Keywords:brain drain; international migration; labour migration; new migration strategies; South-North migration; South-South migration



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