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Chapter Summary

As it was in most colonial (and tropical) dependencies, agriculture set the pace of economic development in Ceylon. Industrialisation has taken place only on a very modest level throughout the nineteenth century. The produce of the plantations-coffee first, later tea, supplemented by coconuts and rubber-was Ceylon's primary export commodity. The economy of the island-being an almost pure export economy with little industrial backing-depended wholly on agricultural products. The island of Ceylon-renamed to Sri Lanka in 1972-is located in the Indian Ocean between 5'55" and 9'51" N Latitude and 79'42" and 81'52" E Longitude. Generally, the island can be divided in a so-called Dry Zone (annual rainfall less than 1,500 mm), a Wet Zone (annual rainfall more than 2,500 mm) and an Intermediate Zone (annual rainfall between 1,500 and 2,500 mm).

Keywords:Ceylon; coffee; Dry Zone; Intermediate Zone; rainfall; tea; Wet Zone



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