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Chapter Summary

The history of education in nineteenth century Ceylon is closely inked with several other aspects of British policy in the island. The want of English-speaking clerks for the lower ranks of the administration, for instance, led to an emphasis on English education in the wake of the Colebrooke-Cameron report. The missionary societies regarded education as the principal vehicle of conversion and mainly established vernacular schools to reach the mass of the 'heathens'. The missionaries were admitted to the Kandyan regions in 1820. The Morgan Committee report expressed the opinion that the government had an obligation to spread (vernacular) education in the entire island. The missionary societies with their headquarters in Europe or America had much larger financial resources at their disposal than the local Buddhist or Hindu communities.

Keywords:Ceylon; Colebrooke-Cameron report; English education; Kandyan regions; missionary societies; Morgan Committee; vernacular education



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