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From Political Revolution To Literary Revolution

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Chapter Summary

The "literary revolution" proclaimed by Hu Shi and Chen Duxiu in their journal Xin Qingnian has often been described within the framework of the May Fourth Movement. Wang Feng has stated that the "literary revolutionaries" pioneered the creation of a new literary language intended for the new generation of Chinese students. He also stated that the "national language movement" provided the new style of literary writing with the necessary legal framework. This chapter shows that it was the process of institutional and curricular reforms in the educational sector that had a decisive influence on the occurrence of the "literary revolution". The campaign of educational reformers inside the Ministry of Education for a written style close to the spoken language in compulsory education not only had a direct impact on the debates in the journal Xin Qingnian.

Keywords:Chinese students; educational reformers; educational sector; literary revolution; literary writing; May Fourth Movement; national language movement; Xin Qingnian



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