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"But Tho We Love Old Holland Still, We Love Columbia More," The Formation Of A Dutch-American Subculture In The United States, 1840–1920

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Chapter Summary

The flourishing field of Dutch immigration tends to obscure the fact that this small immigrant group was able to survive as a distinctive subculture against the odds. It is the author's purpose to explain this phenomenon in this chapter. The Dutch were not unique; dozens of European immigrant groups such as German Mennonites, German Lutherans organized in Missouri and Wisconsin Synod groups, Danish Lutherans, Swedish Covenanters, Amish and Hutterites had similar experiences, but did not match the reputation of an ethnic group as completely as the Dutch. Analysis of the history of Dutch immigration leads to a list of ten factors that contributed to the formation of a durable Dutch-American subculture: preparation; settlement patterns; variation and growth; ecclesiastical glue; family ties; language and schools; private and public communication; prosperity; prosperity; group identity. These ten factors contributed to a Dutch comprehensive Protestant immigrant network, which had matured by 1920.

Keywords:Dutch immigration; Dutch-American subculture; European immigrant groups



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