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Pagan theology

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Chapter Summary

Paganism has no god and paganism has many gods. Both these assertions are true, and it may be asked how this is possible. Obviously, paganism in general does not retain a figure comparable to the monotheistic God of Abrahamic tradition. From a theological perspective, modern witchcraft or Wicca may be described as a form of bi-theism. One can summarize the longstanding polytheistic emphasis within pagan orientation by noting the radical spiritualitys stress on gender-differentiated and multiple understandings of godhead. To understand pagan theology, one must understand paganism as root-religion-the foundation to all subsequent religious development or positioning, whether Abrahamic, Dharmic or secular. This leads to question how paganism in its many forms differs from Christianity (Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox), Islam (Sunna, Shiite), Judaism (Reform, Conservative, Orthodox), Hinduism, Buddhism (Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana), secular humanism, Marxism, etc. A key avenue into a pagan mindset is through an appreciation of its inclination toward idolatry.

Keywords: idolatry; pagan theology



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