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An Unnatural Birth (Mt. 1,18–21 And Cg V 78,6–17)

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Chapter Summary

This chapter starts from the most convincing results of a tradition of analysis concerning the presence of "pre-Matthaean materials", going back through W.L. Knox, C.T. Davis, R.E. Brown and others. It deals initially with the myth of Zāl, which can be traced in detail through its impact on pseudepigraphic material already known to stand in close relationship to the stories in the infancy narratives. The myth of the xvarenah would have enabled the story to the drawn into the developed version, the mythological cycle of the Saošyants; this we see in Apocalypse of Adam (ApocAd), even though the story probably does not belong to mainline Zoroastrian tradition, and survived only in the epic version. Its use in ApocAd also indicates that the story was already understood by the latter's author in relation to the Jewish-apocalyptic vision of world-history.

Keywords:Apocalypse of Adam (ApocAd); pre-Matthaean materials; Saošyants; xvarenah; Zāl



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