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Statesmanship And Retaliation: Between Capua And Praeneste

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Chapter Summary

This chapter shows how Lucius Cornelius Sulla contributed to make the political role of the Italian elites more significant, ultimately by compelling them to build closer relations with the Roman elite, as was the case in the Greek East. This process is accomplished only with Augustus, but it started in the age of Sulla. The punitive measures he took against his opponents played a decisive role. Sulla's dismantling of the Marian colony at Capua represented a novel way to demonstrate his interest in, and to gain control over, a strategic area. Supporting a sanctuary whose identity was inextricably linked to the city was no doubt a sign of benevolence. Two crucial consequences of Sulla's victory in Italy, the physical elimination of the adversaries and the reorganisation of hostile territories by the foundation of colonies, feature very prominently in the context of Praeneste.

Keywords: Capua; Greek East; Italy; Lucius Cornelius Sulla; Marian colony; political role; Praeneste; Roman elite



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