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Avar-Age Metalworking Technologies In The Carpathian Basin (Sixth To Eighth Century)

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Chapter Summary

The early medieval metalwork of the Carpathian Basin is best known for the high-quality bronze casts of the Late Avar age. From a technological point of view, the Avar-age metalwork may be divided into two main groups: pressed metalwork during the Early and Avar periods, and cast metalwork during the Late Avar age. Combining the analysis of the artifacts themselves with the study of the metalworking tools found in craftsman burials is the key methodological path followed in this chapter. Besides craftsman burials, excavated workshops may also be used as evidence for understanding Avar-age metalworking techniques. The chapter focuses on the selection of ingredients for Avar-age alloys, as well as on several manufacturing techniques, such as casting, forging, snarling, and pressing.

Keywords: Avar-Age metalworking technologies; Carpathian Basin; casting; craftsman burials; excavated workshops; forging; pressing; snarling



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