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The Place Of The Syriac Translanon In The Textual History Of Sirach

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Chapter Summary

Any discussion of Syr should take into account its complex relationship to the Hebrew, Greek and Latin textual witnesses. The Hebrew witnesses are the following: one manuscript from Masada (1st century ad), containing portions of about five chapters; the tiny fragments of 2Q18 (1st century ad), containing some words from Sir 6:14-15, 20-31; the text of Sir 51:13-30 in llQP. The original Hebrew book, which originated about 180 BC, has not been preserved and hence any claim about the original text is based on a scholarly reconstruction. The study of Syr as a translation is hindered by our lack of knowledge about the Hebrew source text of Syr. It cannot be equated with one of the extant Hebrew manuscripts. There are a number of cases where Syr presupposes a misreading in the Hebrew.

Keywords: Greek textual witnesses; Hebrew textual witnesses; Latin textual witnesses; secondary Hebrew; Sirach; Syr study; Syriac Translation



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