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Preliminary Remarks On Clause Structure

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Chapter Summary

Traditionally the construction of two or more clauses that are coordinated in one grammatical unit is called a compound sentence. A sentence made up of a main clause and one or more dependent clauses is called a complex sentence. In the study of clause structure in Classical Syriac these distinctions are highly important, since some of the most common types of clauses are interpreted by some as simple clauses and by others as complex sentences. It is common usage to call the verb in a verbal clause the predicate, and the element agreeing with it in gender, number and person the subject. The present study relies heavily on a study by J.W. Dyk and E. Talstra on relative definiteness in Biblical Hebrew. For the computer-assisted parsing of NCs in Biblical Hebrew Dyk and Talstra developed a matrix for identifying Su and Pr on the basis of phrase type and determination.

Keywords: Classical Syriac; clause structure; E. Talstra; J.W. Dyk



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