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Quadripartite Nominal Clauses

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Chapter Summary

Quadripartite Nominal Clauses (NCs) are extensions of tripartite NCs. In Muraoka's model they are extensions of the tripartite patterns Pr-Ep-Su and Su-Ep- Pr. The first pattern is extended to Pr-pron-Ep-Su, the second to Su-pron-Ep-Pr. Both the Su and the Pr are definite. The second pattern is disputed. Three functions have been ascribed to the quadripartite NC. (1) To avoid clumsiness or misunderstanding, especially when the predicate is long or when it consists of a relative clause. (2) To indicate that the predicate is determinate. (3) To turn a word (the initial Pr) into the theme ('logical subject') of the sentence. In 19:20 and 21:26 no Hebrew text is available and in 37:19 Heb has a reading completely different from Syr. It is possible that the Syriac translator's Hebrew source text contained a tripartite NC in these places, since this pattern of correspondence also occurs in other parts of the Peshitta.

Keywords: Hebrew text; Peshitta; quadripartite Nominal Clauses (NCs); Syriac translator



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