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Chapter Summary

The category of 'participials' includes both participles and adjectives. This chapter deals with the use of the absolute and emphatic state and with the clause patterns in which participials occur. In other Syriac literature predicative participials occasionally take the emphatic state. Joosten points out that this is especially the case when the Pr is an essential, inherent characteristic of the subject, rather than an accidental attribute. The phenomenon of ellipsis does not account for the eight examples in which a subject pronoun of the 2nd or 1st person precedes the participle, i.e. SUpron 2nd/lst pers - Prptcp. The bipartite patterns without an Ep can be compared with their tripartite counterparts. In some respects participials behave differently from other nominal predicates. They occur in the absolute state rather than the emphatic state and take the Ep less frequently than non-participial predicates.

Keywords: ellipsis; Joosten; Participials; Syriac literature



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