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Extraposition And Pronominal Agreement

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Chapter Summary

In theStudies in Semitic Syntax G. Khan distinguishes between 'extraposition' and 'pronominal agreement'. Extraposition is 'the syntactic construction in which a noun or nominal phrase stands isolated at the front of a clause without any immediate formal connection to the predication. Pronominal agreement is a construction where a noun or nominal phrase whose grammatical relation is indicated by its case inflection or by an adjoining relational particle is accompanied in the same clause by a co-referential pronoun agreeing with it in number, gender, person, and grammatical relation. Accordingly, pronominal agreement differs from extraposition in that the nominal stands inside the predication whereas in extraposition it is isolated from the predication and is referred to by the co-referential pronoun. Extraposition is well attested in Syr. A classification can be made according to the form of the extraposed element or according to the grammatical function of the resumptive element. We can distinguish between anticipatory pronominal agreement and resumptive pronominal agreementand the anticipatory pronominal agreement is also called 'prolepsis'.

Keywords: extraposition; prolepsis; pronominal agreement; Semitic Syntax



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