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Clauses Containing The Verb XXX

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Chapter Summary

Constructions with the verb ܐ ܘ ܗ display a large variety. One can categorize them according to the following parameters: the conjugation of the verb ܐܘ ܗ, the form of the predicative complement, and the position of ܐ ܘ ܗ vis-á-vis the predicative complement. The first parameter is related to more general questions about the Tense-Aspect-Mood system in Classical Syriac. In Syr there are thirteen cases of hwayt qātel with imperatival force. Hwayt qātel indicates a wish, advice or obligation of general and universal applicability. The construction with the imperative of ܐ ܘ ܗ + participial (hwi qātel) occurs only once in a variant reading. Qātel (h)wā is used for frequentative aspect in the past or an ongoing situation anterior to the moment of speaking. As with hwayt qātel, there is no reason to assume that the qātel (h)wā forms are due to the influence of a Hebrew source text.

Keywords: ܐ ܘ ܗ clauses; classical Syriac; Hebrew source text; hwayt qātel; predicative complement; qātel (h)wā; tense-aspect-mood system



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