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Functions Of The Pronoun

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Chapter Summary

This chapter brings together a number of clause patterns containing the Ep or the independent personal pronoun, and makes a comparative analysis. It presents the following constructions: bipartite nominal clauses; tripartite nominal clauses; quadripartite nominal clauses; cleft sentences; extrapostion and pronominal agreement. In many tripartite NCs, as well as in the so-called imperfectly transformed cleft sentences, the enclitic ܘ ܗ serves to indicate focus on the immediately preceding clause constituent. This observation is valid regardless of the question as to whether one describe the Ep as an emphatic particle that gives prominence to the preceding element (Mura-oka) or as a rhematizer, which turn the preceding element into the predicate (Goldenberg). In fact, the enclitic pronoun may follow any part of speech, even a verb. The subtle ways in which the Ep clarifies the syntactic and pragmatic structure in various clause types can rightly be called a 'nicety of Syriac syntax'.

Keywords: bipartite nominal clause; clause patterns; cleft sentences; enclitic ܘ ܗ; independent personal pronoun; quadripartite nominal clauses; tripartite nominal clauses



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