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The Syriac Sirach As A Translanon

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Chapter Summary

Any study of the character of Syr as a translation is hindered by our lack of knowledge about the translator's Hebrew source. Nevertheless, on the basis of an internal analysis of Syr and an investigation of the patterns of correspondences to other versions, it seems justified to characterize Syr as a free translation. The present chapter shows that in some respects Syr follows practices that are well known from the Targums. The agreements between the Peshitta and the Targums play an important role in Peshitta research. In some respects, especially in the avoidance of anthropomorphisms, the 'targumic' features are more prominent in Syr than in other parts of the Peshitta, although an exception may be made for Chronicles. They show that Syr is firmly rooted in the Aramaic translation tradition, as it is represented in Jewish- Aramaic and Syria Bible translations.

Keywords: Bible translations; Hebrew; Jewish- Aramaic; Peshitta; Sirach; Syr; Targums



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