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Phrases With More Than Two Extensions And Other Complex Phrase Structures

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Chapter Summary

The pattern in which a phrase atom takes three specifications is very rare. It is only attested with relative clauses. The moment we include relative clauses in our analysis, we encounter some complex structures which can hardly be handled with our usual annotation. In such cases it is preferable to apply a clause-hierarchical model of description. There seems to be no limit to the number of elements that can be paralleled, but in the corpus-linguistic approach, the maximum number of elements in terms of the longest chain actually attested in the corpus is defined. A text is a composition of linguistic elements on several levels. Each level provides the building blocks of the elements at a subsequent level: morphemes make up words, words constitute phrases, phrases are combined to build clauses, clauses are the building blocks of sentences, and sentences are combined to form textual units.

Keywords: clause-hierarchical model; Complex Phrase Structures; morphemes; phrase atom; textual units

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