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Chapter Summary

In the first usage of ܕ, it is followed by a noun that specifies the preceding word. In this caseܕ shares many syntactic characteristics with prepositions. In the second usage it is followed by a predication structure. A. Wertheimer has argued that these two usages are related because in both cases ܕ serves as a translatif, which marks the 'syntactic operation which transfers a word from one grammatical category to another'. To the demonstrative-relative use of ܕ discussed in this chapter, also belongs the use of ܕ + cardinal number in the sense of 'the first, the second, etc'. It can be concluded that for 'the first, the second, etc'. two constructions are used in Syr: one with an ordinal number, which occurs as specification of a noun, and one with ܕ + cardinal number, which is used independently.

Keywords: ܕ; ܕ +; cardinal number; Syr; translatif; Wertheimer

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