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Some Aspects Of The Verbal System In Qumran Hebrew

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Chapter Summary

The great obstacle in dealing with choices between various lexical and grammatical expressions in Ancient Hebrew is that we have little knowledge of the options that were available to writers in those days, and exactly which leading style characterized the various epochs in ancient Israel. It has been fully established, however, that the various text types in Biblical Hebrew have their specific grammatical constructions, and this difference between text types is likely to be found in Qumran Hebrew as well. In addition, by comparing texts from the Bible and from Qumran it seems possible to trace some linguistic development as reflected within the different text types. This chapter points to some aspects of the verbal system in Qumran Hebrew from the point of view of text type and genre, and discusses the concurrence between text type and formal expressions, as well as the diachronic development of the language.

Keywords: 4QMMT; Bible; Qumran Hebrew; verbal system



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