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The word ףילחת in Ben Sira

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Chapter Summary

In Ben Sira there are three occurrences of the word תחליף. In the late eighteen-nineties and the early twentieth century, the interpretation of תחליף as 'successor' is also found in the editio princeps by Cowley-Neubauer, and in studies by Krauss and Smend. The usages of the verb attested in the Hebrew Bible display several nuances that support various shades of meaning that may also colour the meaning of תחליף. This chapter discusses the three occurrences of the word תחליף in Ben Sira. The meaning ofתחליף is hard to establish. Taking into account the Ancient Versions and the contexts in which this word occurs, it is difficult to cover the three usages by a single translation equivalent. The interpretation of as successor' is preferable in the Elijah passage (48,8) because of the context in Sirach 48 and because of biblical parallels, and is supported by the Septuagint.

Keywords: תחליף; Ben Sira; Hebrew Bible; Septuagint; Sirach



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