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Spoken Hebrew Of The Late Second Temple Period According To Oral And Written Samaritan Tradition

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Chapter Summary

Three different varieties of the Hebrew language are in use among present days Samaritans: Modern Israeli Hebrew, Samaritan Neo- Hebrew, and Samaritan Hebrew (SH). While Samaritan Neo-Hebrew is the language used mainly for liturgical compositions after the revival of Hebrew in the 12th century CE, Samaritan Hebrew is the Hebrew language employed in the reading of the Torah as transmitted in the Samaritan community. This chapter focuses on the latter only. It deals with the following sub-problems: (1) Samaritan Hebrew and the history of the Hebrew language; (2) SH as a Hebrew dialect; (3) The linguistic relation between the oral and the written tradition of SH; and (4) SH and the phonetics of late Second Temple Hebrew.

Keywords: Samaritan Hebrew; Second Temple Period



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