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Emerging Communal Life And Ideology In The S Tradition

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Chapter Summary

The Community Rule is a key text in any quest for identity in the Dead Sea Scrolls. However, the picture of community painted by this text is exceedingly complex chiefly because of the complex literary development and multiple attestations of the S tradition. This chapter dissembles those parts of the S tradition that deal with the council of the community as described in 1QS 6:2c?4a // 4QSd 2:7?8 // 4QSi lines 3b?5a and 1QS 8:1?7a // 4QSd 6:1?2 // 4QSe 2:9?16 as well as a number of stray elements of that tradition elsewhere in S, in 4Q265, and in the Damascus Document. It argues for some kind of a relationship between the material in 1QS 6:2?4 and 1QS 8:1?7a. The chapter emphasizes the recognizable shift towards the theological, cultic and ideological in the latter material. 1QS 6:2?4 offers a more credible historical scenario of emerging communal life.

Keywords: communal life; Community Rule; Damascus Document; Dead Sea Scrolls; S tradition



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