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Eschatological Identities In The Damascus Document

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Chapter Summary

The part of eschatology in the Damascus Document which has been most intensively discussed consists of the references to, among other eschatological figures, the ?messiah of Israel and Aaron? (CD-A 12:23?13:1; 14:19 [= 4QDa 10 i 12]; CD-B 19:10?11; 20:1). The publication of the Qumran fragments of the Damascus Document from cave 4 by Joseph M. Baumgarten in 1996 has made clear that the original understanding of the Damascus Document as a ?Qumran? text, mainly based on the medieval Cairo Genizah manuscripts (CD-A and CD-B), needs to be supplemented by much new material, most of all legal material. This chapter discusses the question of whether and how it is possible to reconstruct developments in the eschatological thought reflected in the Damascus Document on the basis of the entire evidence now available (CD-A, CD-B, 4QDa?g, 4QpapDh, 5Q12, 6Q15), and how sectarian eschatology interacts with sectarian identity.

Keywords: Damascus Document; eschatological figures; Qumran fragments; sectarian eschatology; sectarian identity



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