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"Sicarii Essenes," "The Party Of The Circumcision," And Qumran

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Chapter Summary

In any event, Hippolytus now returns to his earlier description of the three forms of Essenism or, at least, the two earlier ones, that is, ?the Zealot? or ?Sicarii Essenes,? if in fact they can be distinguished in any real way from the third?those willing to undergo any form of torture rather than ?call any man Lord??because he now picks up the points paralleled in the normative Josephus about the longevity of Essenes, their temperateness, and incapacity for anger. There is no doubt that Qumran was extremely ?zealous for circumcision? too. This position is perhaps made most forcibly in column 16 of the Damascus Document at the beginning of the more statutory part of the document where ?the oath of the Covenant which Moses made with Israel . . . to return to the Torah of Moses with a whole heart and soul? is the paramount proposition.

Keywords: circumcision; Damascus Document; Qumran; Sicarii Essenes



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