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Chapter Summary

The only criteria for admission, in addition to the self-evident one of being baptized as a Christian, seem to have been of a moral nature: they were criteria which everybody could, in principle, meet. There were essentially two reasons for fundamental accessibility of Universities. The first reason has to do with the characteristic form of the pre-modern university as a Community constituted primarily as an association of individuals. The second reason derived from the general system of education which prevailed in the Middle Ages. Matriculation, which was one of the highest functions of the university authorities, was also the formal act which conferred a legally recognized status. The oath was the symbol of all the legal grounds for the requirement of matriculation. As a rule, the obligatory fee was determined by the weekly charge for maintenance.

Keywords: admission; fundamental accessibility of universities; general education system; matriculation fee; Middle Ages; oath



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