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Islamic Welfare, Discourse And Practise: The Institutionalization Of Zakat In Palestine

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Chapter Summary

This chapter deals with the institutionalization of Islamic welfare on the occupied Palestinian West Bank. The greater part of these welfare bodies carry the name of zakat committees. Though money from the zakat or the third pillar of Islam is just part of the funding of these services, the ethical principle of zakat but constitute a vital religious and socio-political emblem to the believers and sympathizers. The chapter focuses is therefore not how and to what degree the adherents observe zakat, but rather how this principle and its "ideology" are materialized in a comprehensive civil welfare system. The Palestinian zakat system represents a social transfer system, but not one that catapults people out of poverty. It intends mainly to put focus on two aspects of the zakat committees' work: Their organizing and work in the local context and their positioning on the "national" level.

Keywords:Institutionalization; Islamic welfare; Palestinian zakat system; poverty; social security



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