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The role of mercenary troops in Spain in the fourteenth century: The civil war

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Chapter Summary

The civil war that the legitimate monarch, Pedro I of Castile, faced against his half-brother, Count Enrique of Trastamara, was a military event of extraordinary importance in the history of medieval Spain. The Iberian Peninsula was turned into a battlefield by a conflict between urban interests and the interests of the nobility but, also, by a new theatre combat derived from the Hundred Years War. As Sun Tzu wrote many centuries before and Enrique of Trastamara surely thought, a quick victory is the principal aim of war, but neither Enrique of Trastamara nor Pedro I could get such a result, so they turned to international alliances and thus mercenary troops entered into this Spanish Civil War.

Keywords: Civil War; fourteenth century; mercenary troops; Spain; Trastamara dynasty



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