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Greek Fallen angels: Kronos and the Titans

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Chapter Summary

Already in 1940s it was noticed that Hesiod, by ways that are still obscure to us, had derived part of his material on Kronos from the Hurrian-Hittite Song of Kumarbi. Subsequent investigations have shown that the myth and ritual of Kronos and his Titans are one more example of fascination that the Orient exerted on Archaic Greek culture. Yet Hurrian-Hittite myth seems to have travelled to Israel, as there are several traces in the Old Testament of a rebellion-in-heaven myth, where God fights and defeats his opponents and casts them into the netherworld; moreover, the Jews themselves sometimes connected their fallen angels with the Greek succession myth. This chapter first looks at the oldest epic about the revolt of the Titans and at the individual Titans. It then makes some observations on the connection between the Titans and anthropogony. The chapter concludes with the appropriation of Titans by the Jews.

Keywords: anthropogony; Greek fallen angels; Hurrian-Hittite; Israel; Jews; Kronos; Old Testament; Song of Kumarbi; Titans

10.1163/ej.9789004164734.i-426.29
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