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Possible Causes Of Violations Of Humanitarian Rules

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Chapter Summary

This chapter attempts to identify the possible reasons as to why the rules applicable to the conflicts in Somalia. A range of possible causes of the violations are examined in two categories. They are direct causes and indirect causes. Direct causes are those factors that have a strong immediate impact on the actors and which can result in violations. Indirect causes are factors, per se, which do not cause violations but which may be underlying causes contributing to violations. International humanitarian law (IHL) principally relies on enforcement by armed forces. The enforcement of IHL has been one of its greatest weaknesses, but that has changed in the past decade. The military strategies and tactics adopted by the clan militia in the aftermath of Somalia's disintegration were marked by clan-based atrocities against civilians.

Keywords: armed forces; international humanitarian law (IHL) violations; Somalia



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