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Chapter Summary

There is no 'one best way' for the development of education in post-conflict societies. Each conflict and territory is different and post-conflict environments vary enormously. This chapter examines how complex power-sharing agreements impact on education - what arrangements are made and how are they implemented. The leading issue is whether educational arrangements encourage reconciliation among conflicting parties or whether they reinforce ethnic divisions. There is invariably tension, even contradiction, between the desire for peace, which encourages integration, and initiatives to guarantee ethnic identity. The latter can emphasize ethnic divisions through policies such as educational segregation. The chapter presents the broad socio-economic context of each case. It then focuses on the individual case studies of educational arrangements in complex peace agreements. Finally, the cases are reviewed to determine what we can learn from them. There is a particular concern to identify lessons that can inform policy.

Keywords: educational arrangements; peace agreements; post-conflict societies; power-sharing agreements; socio-economic context



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