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Resolving Self-determination Disputes through Complex Power-sharing Arrangements: the Case of Mindanao, Southern Philippines

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Chapter Summary

When Philippine independence came onto the political agenda in 1934 the Muslims were poorly placed to wield power in the new state. Independence in 1946 brought no improvement. Instead, events propelled Muslims inexorably into renewed armed conflict. It was in this context of disorder that the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) emerged in the early 1970s to assume leadership of the Muslim cause. The 1996 agreement identified two phases to the peace process. Under the first phase, there was the immediate establishment of the Special Zone of Peace and Development (SZOPAD), comprised of the fourteen provinces and nine cities occupying the territory originally identified as the autonomous region in the Tripoli Agreement 1976. The first phase of the peace agreement was scheduled to last for three years, after which phase two would begin. This involved repealing Republic Act 6734 on the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

Keywords: Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM); Mindanao; Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF); Philippine; power-sharing arrangements; self-determination disputes; Special Zone of Peace and Development (SZOPAD); Tripoli Agreement 1976



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