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Chapter Summary

Benedict Spinoza's Tractatus theologico-politicus is a complex book: it is a whole that consists of parts. The Tractatus theologico-politicus also is a complicated book: it is a whole the parts of which are interwoven in an intricate way. Spinoza's Tractatus theologico-politicus contains a lengthy study of the elemental features of Judeo-Christian revealed religion. Taken together, the democratic political regime proposed by Spinoza in the treatise and the democratic theology proposed by Spinoza in the treatise are devised to make feasible the achievement of the third proper object of desire. Theological salvation of the individual is the aim of religious institutions; and the political welfare of the individual is the aim of civic governments. Throughout the treatise, Spinoza uses the same Latin word, salus, to connote both the theological condition of salvation and the political condition of welfare.

Keywords: Benedict Spinoza; civic governments; democratic theology; Judeo-Christian; political welfare; salus; theological salvation; Tractatus theologico-politicus



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