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Theology

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Chapter Summary

According to Spinoza, theology is revelation; and revelation(s) together with histories constitute the largest part of the Scriptures. Revelation is the constitutive term of both theology and Scripture; but, according to Spinoza, revelation and its contents also happen to be "accommodated to the opinions of the Prophets and indeed they just surpass human grasp." The difference between the Moses model for comprehending the revealed teaching of theology and the Christ model for comprehending the revealed teaching of theology is perhaps most clearly illustrated by the claim that all of the prophets "command" whereas the apostles "teach." Spinoza's theological teaching in the treatise is representative of what may be characterized as a broadly Christian kind of faith. It emphasizes the superiority of the revealed teaching of Christ over the revealed teaching of Moses; though Spinoza maintains that the essential instruction in each of the revealed teachings is the same.

Keywords: Benedict Spinoza; Christ model; Moses model; revelation; scripture; theological teaching; theology

10.1163/ej.9789004164857.i-254.8
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