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Towards Schengen: the Abolition of Internal Border Controls in Europe

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Chapter Summary

The abolition of internal border controls was accompanied by different, so-called compensatory measures. To justify these measures, national governments relied heavily upon the symbolic function of borders or frontiers. To understand the relatively successful integration of the intergovernmental ?Schengen? cooperation into EU law and the expanding role of the Schengen Information System (SIS) I, it is necessary to describe the European history of immigration law and border policies. This Chapter reveals how a small group of European Communities (EC) Member States was able to reach agreement within the intergovernmental Schengen framework, while at the same time governments were trying hard to maintain their national sovereignty and the European Commission was attempting to lift this decision- making to the community level.

Keywords: Convention Implementing the Schengen Agreement (CISA); Europe; internal border control; Schengen Information System (SIS)



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