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Chapter Summary

Analepsis and prolepsis are subversively combined in Herodotus’ defence of the Alcmeonids against the charge of signalling to the Persians at Marathon. Herodotus relates the history of the family, starting with Alcmeon gaining his wealth from Croesus, and looking ahead as far as the birth of Pericles. Some anachronies are introduced with no apparent narrative justification. Anachronies are most obviously justified when they are required to deal with simultaneous events. A slightly different use of paradigmatic narrative is Socles’ story of the origins of the Cypselid tyranny at Corinth and the crimes of Periander. Socles’ story forms a fitting end for this chapter because, as we have seen, it is from the dynamic interplay between the perspectives of participants and narratees in past and present that Herodotus’ handling of time derives much of its force.

Keywords: anachronies; analepsis; Herodotus; prolepsis; Socles



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