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The World Of The Peasant

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the structural relations of the life of the ordinary peasant, which is based on the situation in low-density areas, because it was here that the pre-colonial way of life was probably still dominant. Demographic changes characterised by the concentration of people in certain areas and the emergence of new class formations can be identified as two important developments. The chapter attempts to reconstruct a situation that represents a reality prior to these developments. This reconstruction takes two forms. First, the geographic sense of gama is discussed in terms of boundaries. Secondly, the internal formation of a gama is examined in the form of a case study. The discussion of Kahambilihena gives a clear picture of the internal formation of a village against which the foregoing observations can be tested. It also briefly looks at two determinants, namely kinship and caste, in the internal formation of a village.

Keywords: caste; gama; Kahambilihena; kinship; peasant; reconstruction



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