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The System Of Production And Its Changes

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Chapter Summary

V. S. Vyas has identified a number of factors which are important for understanding the structure of an agrarian production unit, namely the basis or size of land holdings, gross or net produce, value added, capital employed, extent of wage labour, extent of marketable surplus, and gross or net worth of the enterprise. These factors can be used as indicators of change in a system of agrarian production. This chapter suggests three factors derived from Vyas?s scheme to understand changes in the system: the level of rice production, the pattern of land consumption in various branches of production, and the organisation of labour. It examines the structural relations of peasant production. Three production systems can be identified in the region under review: traditional peasant agriculture, which was based on the household consumption of the producer; manufacturing production, which involved certain caste groups; and plantation agriculture.

Keywords: agrarian production; land holdings; plantation agriculture; rice production; Vyas?s scheme; wage labour



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